South Sudan is highly unequal society in terms of gender equality. Gender is a socially-constructed role different from the biologically determined aspects of being a male or a female. Unlike the biology of sex, gender roles and behaviour and the relations between men and women can change overtime even if aspects of these roles originated in the biological difference between the sexes.
Gender equity means that men and women have equal opportunities or life chances to access and control of socially valued goods and resources. To achieve this, it is important to build up the group that has limited access to resources and services. Gender equity means fair treatment for both men and women according to their respective needs in terms of rights, benefits, obligations and opportunities. Empowerment is about people taking control of their lives. It is about people pursuing their own goals, living according to their own values, developing self-reliance and being able to make choices and influence both individually and collectively the decision that affect their lives.